What does bullying look like?
Bullying can take a variety of forms, including physical, verbal, non-verbal, and relational aggression.
- Hitting, punching or slapping another
- Pushing another intentionally
- Kicking another individual
- Stealing or taking someone else’s property
- Destroying another’s property
- Typically believed to be a predominately male behavior, but females are increasing rates of physical bullying and are starting at a younger age.
- Male bullies are likely to have a family history of violence.
- Spreading rumors about another
- Verbal attacks
- Raised voices/shouting at another
- Threatening another
- Whispering about another individual
- Condescending language
- Ethnic slurs
- Making faces
- Rolling of the eyes
- Raising of the eyebrows
- Deep sighs during conversations with another
- Ignoring someone
- More subtle and harder to identify for both the victim and bystanders.
- Attempts to ruin relationships through rumors, gossip, exclusion, silent treatment, harassment, secrets, etc.
This information was provided by Maria Cuddy-Casey, Ph.D., an associate professor and chair of the Psychology Department at Immaculata University, as well as a clinical psychologist specializing in children and adolescents.