Credit Card Security Precautions
The fraudulent use of credit cards is not limited to the loss or theft of actual credit cards. A capable criminal only needs to know your credit card number to fraudulently make numerous charges, including cash withdrawals, against your account. The following are a number of crime prevention tips or recommendations to guard against the illegal use of credit cards.
- Photocopy both the front and back of all your credit cards and keep the copies in a safe and secure location. This will enable you to cancel your credit card as soon as possible if lost or stolen.
- Endorse all credit cards as soon as they arrive.
- It is advisable not to carry credit cards in your wallet or purse. Carry them separately if possible. Carry only the minimum number of credit cards actually needed and never leave them unattended.
- When you write a check, never allow the salesperson to write down your credit card number on the check. If paying by credit card, never let the sales person write down your driver's license or social security number. Unless you are absolutely confident you are dealing with a reputable company, never give your credit cards account number over the telephone.
- Don't be fooled by a scam where a con artist wants to verify your credit card number because you won a prize. One current scam involves a con artist who calls at random. The thief informs the victim that if their VISA card begins with the number four, the victim wins a prize. However, all VISA cards begin with the number four and all MASTER CARDS begin with the number five.
- Notify credit card companies in advance of a change in address.
- Destroy unused credit card applications such as those received in the mail advising the recipient you have been pre-approved for.
- If you receive a letter stating you should have received a credit card in the mail, and you have not received it, notify the company or lending institution immediately.
- Beware of vendors calling and attempting to sell merchandise or gifts over the telephone. Don't give them your credit card number.
- Always check catalogues to be sure your credit card number is not on the cover or mail order form. If it is, contact the company and tell them to immediately remove it.
- It is a good idea to retain your credit receipts and check them against the monthly billing statement.
- In the event your credit card is lost or stolen, immediately notify the credit card company. Most issuing banks or companies can be reached 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The majority of fraudulent purchases is made within 48 hours of the loss.
- Credit card thieves may sometimes call the victim, inform the person that their credit card has been found and that it is being returned. This ploy gives the thief time to go on a charging spree because the cardholder never calls to cancel the card.
- By virtue of the Fair Credit Billing Act (FCBA), if you report the loss of a credit card before it is used, the card issuer cannot hold you responsible for any unauthorized charges. If a thief uses your credit card before you report it missing, the most you will owe for unauthorized charges on each credit card is $50.00.